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Petani Urutsewu Menolak Pemagaran Lahan oleh TNI AD

Dokumentasi Iwan Lanangu

*Oleh Amanatia Junda, Aby Umaternate, Pandu Sabsuha, Iwan Lanangu

Wiromartan, desa di ujung timur Urutsewu kembali memanas. Aksi penolakan pemagaran terjadi pada Jumat pagi (20/03) di tepi Jalan Daendels, Desa Wiromartan, Kecamatan Mirit, Kebumen. Aksi tersebut disebabkan kabar bahwa TNI AD merencanakan membangun pagar di sepanjang lahan petani di selatan desa. Menurut Widodo Sunu Nugroho, Kepala Desa Wiromartan, tidak ada pemberitahuan secara resmi rencana pemagaran tersebut ke desa dan hanya diberitahukan secara lisan oleh seorang Babinsa. “Jelas TNI tidak menunjukkan itikad baik. Logikanya, jika bermaksud baik, maka pihak yang memagar akan meminta izin dan bermusyawarah dengan warga desa,” ujar Sunu.

Dokumentasi Iwan Lanangu

Dokumentasi Iwan Lanangu

Aksi dimulai pada 08.48 WIB di depan pekarangan rumah Shobir, salah satu warga Wiromartan, di tepi jalan raya. Sebelumnya sekitar lima belas warga berkumpul, menulis spanduk-spanduk protes di atas lembaran karung bekas. Puluhan warga Wiromartan berdiri tegak menyuarakan penolakan. Aparat dari kepolisian tampak hadir di sekitar kumpulan massa. Sedangkan TNI AD hanya berkumpul di salah satu sisi permukiman penduduk dan cukup tersembunyi dari pandangan. Pers dari berbagai media pun berdatangan.

Dokumentasi Pandu Sabsuha

Dokumentasi Pandu Sabsuha

Penyebaran informasi adanya aksi oleh warga ke warga yang lain disampaikan dengan getok tular (dari mulut ke mulut) sekaligus saling memperingatkan bahwa jangan sampai terjadi kericuhan. Karena jika salah satu warga terpancing, maka upaya kriminalisasi petani semakin mudah. Kekhawatiran para pendemo adalah munculnya preman-preman lokal pro pemagaran yang berusaha menyusup dan membuat kerusuhan. Bagaimana pun, Wiromartan pernah berhasil melakukan aksi massa besar-besaran tanpa kekerasan untuk menolak penambangan pasir besi di lahan desa pada 2012 silam. Kini, tambang pasir besi tidak lagi beroperasi namun upaya klaim sepihak oleh militer terhadap tanah warga masih tetap berlangsung. TNI AD masih bersikeras mengajukan sertifikasi hak pakai tanah di sepanjang 22,5 kilometer garis pantai Urutsewu.

“Menurut Panjenengan, apa TNI punya tanah di pesisir selatan?” tanya Sunu melalui pengeras suara.

“Tidak!!!” jawab warga serentak.

“Pemagaran tanpa pemberitahun resmi ke desa,” ujar Sunu.

“Maling!!!” teriak warga berang.

“Penolakan ini bukan hanya atas semata-mata persoalan tanah dan pangan atau penghasilan. Namun juga tentang harga diri yang diinjak-injak!” tegas Sunu.

Aksi dilanjutkan dengan orasi dari Parman, perwakilan warga yang tambaknya terkena gusur karena rencana pemagaran, kaum ibu, warga dari luar Wiromartan yang mendukung penolakan, serta kepala desa dari Lembupurwo, desa tetangga.

Kamid, seorang warga yang pernah menjadi transmigran selama lima tahun di Papua ikut berorasi. “Di sana, saya lihat sendiri, perbatasan antar negara saja hanya berbentuk pal, tidak ada pagar dengan kawat berduri,” serunya.

Dari Camat Mirit—yang sengaja hadir—terdengar kabar bahwa Sekretaris Daerah (Sekda) Kabupaten Kebumen, Adi Pandoyo akan hadir di lokasi aksi. Namun ternyata Sekda batal hadir dan hanya menjanjikan pertemuan dengan bupati minggu depan.

Warga pun membakar dua ban bekas sebagai simbol api perlawanan. Asap hitam bergulung ke langit. Sembari menyanyikan lagu Indonesia Raya bersama warga serta awak media yang hadir, Sunu membakar lembar-lembar fotokopian sertifikat tanah sah dan Letter C bukti resmi batas lahan warga yang berada tepat di tepi laut selatan.

Menurut keterangan petani Wiromartan yang sengaja memantau lokasi pemagaran di ladang, tidak tampak tanda-tanda kemunculan TNI AD dan para preman yang dibayar untuk membangun pagar. Aksi ditutup dengan doa bersama yang dipimpin oleh sesepuh desa dan berakhir dengan damai.

 

Dokumentasi Iwan Lanangu

Dokumentasi Iwan Lanangu

Pemagaran di Kaibon Petangkuran

Sementara itu, berjarak enam desa ke arah barat, Jams, pemuda Kaibon Petangkuran tak sengaja bertemu seorang penderes kelapa di jalan. Dari penderes tersebut, ia mendengar bahwa lahan petani di sebelah selatan desa tengah digali preman-preman untuk pemagaran. Sontak Jams pulang dan melaporkan kejadian tersebut pada Mukhlisin, Kepala Desa Kaibon Petangkuran.

Sebelum khotbah sholat Jumat dilaksanakan, Mukhlisin menyiarkan kabar aksi pemagaran tersebut kepada jamaah masjid, dan menyerukan agar bersama-sama setelah sholat Jumat mendatangi lokasi. Warga Kaibon Petangkuran pun tersulut di siang yang terik. Dengan memanggul cangkul puluhan petani berbondong-bondong berangkat menuju lahan selatan.

Di lokasi, para preman yang bertugas menggali lahan telah kabur. Mereka meninggalkan bekas galian yang memanjang sekitar 100 meter seperti parit kecil di tengah ladang jagung yang mengering. Warga yang berdatangan segera menguruk tanah—menutup kembali bekas galian tersebut. Mukhlisin menjelaskan bahwa ia tak tahu persis jumlah preman yang menggali. Namun ia menyebutkan bahwa mayoritas penggali berasal dari desa tetangga. Mereka diawasi oleh mandor dari desa lain yang punya kelompok preman. Seorang Babinsa pun ikut dalam upaya pemagaran tersebut.

“Saya sudah mendatangi rumah salah satu preman yang ikut melakukan penggalian dan sudah saya peringatkan. Dia warga Petangkuran, ya orang biasa yang pingin uang dengan segala cara yang asal dapat,” jelas Mukhlisin. “Saat mendengar kabar penggalian itu saya langsung telepon bupati, tapi hanya pesan singkat saya saja yang dibalas. Di sini, pemerintah kabupaten seperti sudah nggak punya nyali. Orang-orang dinas itu banyak yang takut dengan militer. Lebih baik diam daripada musuhnya banyak. Tapi warga tetap akan terus melawan. Kalau besok digali lagi, ya kami uruk lagi!” tandasnya, tajam.

*) anggota Aliansi Solidaritas Budaya untuk Masyarakat Urutsewu (Esbumus)

 

22 Maret 2015

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