Propaganda Media dan Kesenyapan di Urutsewu
Jul 16, 2014
Socios: Para Pemilik Klub
Jul 17, 2014

Pagar Makan Tanaman: Tafsir atas Poster Propaganda KRS Rangka Tulang di Urutsewu

Kolom Budaya oleh: Dwicipta *

Aksi teatrikal saat mengusir ogoh-ogoh dalam acara peringatan tragedi penembakan petani 16 April (foto oleh: Suyoto)

Aksi teatrikal saat mengusir ogoh-ogoh dalam acara peringatan tragedi penembakan petani 16 April (foto oleh: Suyoto)

Pagar kawat besi tegak berdiri dari barat ke timur di kawasan ladang pesisir selatan Kebumen. Di Tlogo Pragoto, Mirit Petikusan, dan desa-desa lain di sepanjang pesisir Urutsewu. Di Mirit Petikusan, dari jalan besar lintas selatan, untuk bisa menyaksikan keberadaan pagar ini, kita harus melewati ladang jagung, kacang panjang, semangka, dan rerumputan gajah yang tumbuh tinggi. Ada sebuah pintu kecil selebar satu setengah meter yang harus dilewati sebelum sampai ke ladangnya. “Pagar makan tanaman!” adalah humor gelap dari para petani yang tanahnya berada di dalam batas pagar hingga bibir pantai.

“Begini cara tentara membunuh kami pelan-pelan,” ujar Manijo, seorang petani yang berkulit kehitaman di Mirit Petikusan saat kami telah melewati pagar pembatas yang dibangun tentara. Jemarinya menunjuk ke deretan pagar yang membentang dari barat ke timur. Dari batas pagar hingga ke laut, katanya, tanah ini bukan lagi milik warga, namun diklaim secara sepihak sebagai milik para pemegang bedil. Seperti nasib para petani lain di sepanjang pesisir yang membentang dari Kali Luk Ulo sampai Kali Wawar, dari berposisi sebagai pemilik, petani seperti Manijo harus berstatus sebagai petani penggarap!

Pemagaran ini berlangsung masif sejak tragedi berdarah di Setrojenar pada 16 April 2011. Sekarang, tiga tahun pascatragedi brutal yang mengkriminalisasi sejumlah petani Urutsewu, pagar kawat besi berdiri tanpa permisi di ladang-ladang petani Urutsewu, membentuk garis demarkasi kepemilikan tanah TNI dan warga. Tiga tahun pascatragedi brutal itu pula ekspresi letih dan bayang-bayang kekalahan terpancar dari wajah Manijo dan para petani Urutsewu. Semangat perlawanan terhadap kesewenang-wenangan tentara yang sering didongengkan secara heroik sebagai kawan seperjuangan dalam menegakkan NKRI perlahan-lahan mengering.

Humor gelap tentang “pagar makan tanaman” bagi petani Urutsewu tak hanya ditujukan pada pagar besi yang secara fisik berdiri tanpa permisi di ladang-ladang mereka. Ada banyak pagar penindas kehidupan mereka yang mungkin tidak dipahami oleh orang seperti Manijo dan petani lugu Urutsewu lainnya. Pagar-pagar lain ini beroperasi sama atau bahkan lebih mengerikan daripada pagar fisik. Apakah pagar imajiner yang makin memenjara imajinasi mereka untuk keluar dari penjara penindasan ?

Pagar pertama adalah sistem pembiaran yang dilakukan oleh Pemerintah Kabupaten Kebumen, Pemerintah Provinsi, Pemerintah Pusat, dan Badan Pertanahan Nasional (BPN) atas penindasan yang dilangsungkan oleh militer (TNI AD). Sejak konflik lahan Urutsewu muncul ke permukaan, merekalah pihak yang melakukan cuci tangan pertama atas nasib petani. Ironi paling mengerikan ini berlangsung tanpa kritik dari masyarakat luas karena Urutsewu adalah sebuah wilayah terpencil di kawasan pesisir Selatan Kebumen, sebuah wilayah yang senyap dan jarang mendapatkan perhatian. Sebagai penyempurna dari situasi ini adalah kenyataan berikut: Beberapa penduduk wilayah ini, yang berhasil mengenyam pendidikan tinggi, tak juga mau mengamalkan hasil pendidikannya untuk melakukan pembelaan terhadap nasib pihak-pihak yang ditindas tentara. Lewat sistem pembiaran ini TNI AD bisa berlaku seenaknya: melakukan intimidasi pada para kepala dan pamong desa untuk menuruti setiap keinginannya, menembaki petani yang membangkang perintah mereka, dan menuntut BPN untuk melakukan sertifikasi tanah hasil rampasan tersebut.

Pagar kedua adalah perilaku elite yang selalu senang menginjak massa rakyat, namun tunduk pada kekuatan besar yang represif. Apa yang dilakukan oleh para anggota DPRD II Kebumen, DPRD I, dan DPR pusat yang mewakili wilayah Kebumen adalah contoh paling gamblang dari kokohnya pagar kedua ini. Kapan pun para petani dan warga itu mengadu, mereka hanya diberi janji, diminta bersabar, atau malah dikritik dan dimarahi. Sementara saat investor tambang pasir besi dari Jakarta dan Australia datang, mereka tergopoh-gopoh mempersilahkan masuk dan menjamu mereka dengan imbalan masuknya “pajak” tak resmi atas operasi tambang itu ke kantong pribadinya. Simak baik-baik apa yang dikatakan oleh Ganjar Pranowo, Gubernur Jawa Tengah yang dalam masa kampanyenya dicitrakan sebagai calon gubernur merakyat. Dalam menyikapi kasus Urutsewu belakangan ini tanpa rasa bersalah, tanpa mengecek ke lapangan dan bertemu dengan warga dan petani yang telah bertahun-tahun tertindas, ia berkata: “Silakan TNI usul sertifikat tanahnya kepada BPN, dari pusat bisa bantu pembiayaan agar tidak terlalu lama.”

Yang lebih mengerikan, seperti dituturkan oleh Widodo Sunu Nugroho, Kepala Desa Wiromartan dan ketua organisasi Urutsewu Bersatu (USB), tak ada satupun calon elite-politik lokal maupun nasional yang mewakili daerah Kebumen yang mau menyuarakan kasus Urutsewu. Meski dalam pemilu digaransi dengan pemberian suara cuma-cuma dari warga di sepanjang Urutsewu! Anehnya mereka mau mengeluarkan uang ratusan juta hingga milyaran rupiah untuk membeli suara warga di sepanjang pesisir ini. Logika transaksional apa yang ada di kepala para calon legislator itu? Hanya Tuhan dan para legislator itu yang tahu….

Penjara imajiner ketiga berwujud jurnalisme palsu dari media massa yang meliput kasus konflik tanah Urutsewu. Penjara ini dibangun oleh media massa dan wartawan yang berkongkalingkong dengan militer sebagai pihak yang punya kepentingan langsung di pesisir Urutsewu. Telah bertahun-tahun para petani dan warga yang memperjuangkan tanah yang menjadi hak milik mereka didiskreditkan oleh media massa seperti Suara Merdeka dengan sebutan biang kerusuhan, provokator, keturunan PKI, atau ketua organisasi yang melakukan tindakan pelecehan seksual. Sementara di sisi lain, reportase pemberitaan dari pihak militer bernada positif atau dicitrakan sebagai pihak yang benar dan memberi ketentraman. Penjara imajiner yang dibangun oleh pers yang tunduk pada kekuatan represif ini melanggengkan penderitaan petani dan warga Urutsewu. Stigmatisasi sistematis oleh pers ini pula yang membuat orang luar Urutsewu tak mau membantu meski para petani lugu tersebut terus mengalami intimidasi, tak memiliki kejelasan nasib atas tanahnya, dan tak tahu bagaimana cara melakukan perluasan isu secara lebih sistematis.

Bagaimana memberitahu adanya pagar pembunuh berlapis itu pada petani lugu seperti Manijo di Desa Mirit Petikusan, Bolot di Tlogo Pragoto, atau Mbah Masrup di Setrojenar? Orang seperti Manijo dan Bolot, yang tak mengenal pendidikan lebih dari SMP, hanya tahu betapa susahnya menggarap ladang mereka setelah pagar fisik didirikan secara sepihak oleh tentara dan jadwal latihan perang tiba. Mereka tak pernah sarapan pagi berteman lembaran koran, melakukan audiensi dengan elite politik, dan bertatap muka dengan Bupati atau Gubernur, apalagi dengan Presiden.

Dari keheningan ladang-ladang yang subur di pesisir Urutsewu itu, kita bisa menangkap samar-samar suara debu ombak pantai selatan, aroma asin garam, dan keciap suara anak-anak burung yang sedang dilolohi makanan oleh induknya. Bisa saja kita berusaha mencari kata yang tepat agar bisa menjelaskan lapis-lapis pagar pembunuh itu pada Manijo, Bolot, dan para petani Urutsewu lainnya. Namun lidah kita akan kelu. Dan tak akan muncul suara apa pun dari mulut kita. Apa yang ada di benak hanya bisa dibuang di kedalaman Laut Selatan yang jaraknya tak begitu jauh dari tempat Manijo berdiri….

* Penulis adalah cerpenis dan anggota Gerakan Literasi Indonesia.

 

Dwi Cipta
Dwi Cipta
Penulis cerita dan esai. Belajar menulis dan menerjemah secara otodidak. Kini sedang belajar di dunia penerbitan dengan ikut mendirikan dan menakhodai Literasi Press.

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