Belajar dari Seno
Dec 10, 2014
Petani Hijau Bersatu
Feb 10, 2015

Mitos Kesejahteraan Melalui Pertambangan

Sumber: http://www.mongabay.co.id

10 Februari 2015

Hendra Try Ardianto*

Di mana-mana, ketika ada perusahaan pertambangan akan melakukan eksploitasi, klaimnya selalu tentang upaya menghadirkan kesejahteraan. Dengan adanya investasi pertambangan skala besar, sebuah daerah akan mendapat penghasilan yang besar pula. Pendapatan yang besar ini akan digunakan untuk membiayai proyek-proyek pembangunan, baik untuk pembangunan infrastruktur maupun pembangunan sumberdaya manusia. Selain itu, kehadiran perusahaan besar akan memberikan dampak kesejahteraan bagi kawasan di sekitar pertambangan melalui serapan tenaga kerja maupun “kesejahteraan yang menetes” berupa kebangkitan ekonomi kawasan sekitar tambang. Kenyataan ini diamini oleh pandangan ekonomi neoklasik yang memahami pertambangan sebagai fungsi produksi suatu negara. Secara teknis, fungsi tersebut akan menghasilkan output berupa tenaga kerja, modal, energi, dan material (Davis dan Tilton, 2002: 5).

Pertambangan juga dianggap mampu memfasilitasi transfer teknologi dan inovasi (Jeannet dan Liander 1978; Sachs 1970; Teece 1977). Dengan adanya teknologi mutakhir, kegiatan pembangunan bisa di-scale-up. Oleh karena itu, ekonom neoliberal melihat pengelolaan pertambangan akan lebih baik jika dilakukan oleh korporasi besar. Korporasi di bidang pertambangan dianggap memiliki teknologi tinggi sehingga bisa melakukan transfer teknologi yang ada ke daerah yang wilayahnya ditambang—inilah yang dikenal sebagai efek “pengalaman pembelajaran bersama” (Wright, 1999: 308–313). Selain ada transfer teknologi, pemerintah dan masyarakat lokal dinilai juga akan memperoleh banyak manfaat, seperti lapangan pekerjaan, pembelian lahan, proyek infrastruktur, investasi komunitas, kompensasi, dan ragam instrumen corporate social responsibility (Wall dan Pelon, 2011: 7). Itu berarti, pertambangan skala besar tidak hanya memberikan dampak positif bagi pemerintah nasional, tapi juga terhadap masyarakat lokal sekitar tambang. Singkat cerita, ada banyak argumentasi untuk membenarkan ekuivalensi pertambangan dan kesejahteraan.

Sumber: http://www.mongabay.co.id

Sumber: http://www.mongabay.co.id

Tulisan ini mengklaim bahwa nyaris semua pemerintah lokal di Indonesia menggunakan argumen di atas ketika memberikan izin-izin eksploitasi tambang besar, tidak terkecuali dalam kasus Rembang. Pada saat menjabat sebagai Gubernur Jawa Tengah, Bibit Waluyo begitu antusias mengeluarkan izin-izin eksploitasi pertambangan di wilayah Pegunungan Kendeng untuk perusahaan-perusahaan semen.[1] Pemberian izin ini diklaim sebagai upaya untuk menghadirkan kesejahteraan melalui industrialisasi, dalam hal ini dimotori oleh perusahaan-perusahaan semen. Setelah berganti kepemimpinan, Ganjar Pranowo[2] selaku Gubernur Jateng tetap memakai narasi “kesejahteraan dari pertambangan” guna memuluskan jalan bagi perusahaan-perusahaan pertambangan semen. Berbekal argumen prosedural bahwa PT Semen Indonesia telah mengantongi izin-izin secara sah, maka visi “Jateng Ijo Royo-Royo” pun sudah tidak ada perlunya lagi bagi Ganjar.

Bagi negara dan korporasi, narasi kesejahteraan dihadirkan secara ekonomistik, yakni dengan terjadinya pertumbuhan ekonomi. Kawasan-kawasan yang dianggap sebagai lumbung kemiskinan dijadikan sasaran proyek-proyek pembangunan. Disinilah letak argumentasi mengapa investasi pertambangan skala besar dibutuhkan, yakni keberadaan perusahaan besar untuk mengeksploitasi tambang adalah bagian dari proyek pembangunan, bahkan bagian dari skema pengentasan kemiskinan. Narasi-narasi semacam ini bukan fenomena baru.Nyaris dalam bentang sejarah pertambangan di dunia, perilaku pimpinan daerah/negara selalu menggunakan klaim-klaim semacam itu. Sayangnya, dalam banyak hal, kesejahteraan yang dibayangkan itu justru jauh panggang dari api. Artinya, pertambangan tidak selalu menghadirkan kesejahteraan. Sudah banyak studi yang mengungkapkan hal tersebut.

Sebuah laporan Oxfam berjudul “Digging to Development? A Historical Look at Mining and Economic Development” menunjukkan bahwa pertambangan tidak banyak memberi efek positif bagi sebuah negara. Dalam laporan tersebut, ditunjukkan bahwa pertambangan memiliki kontribusi yang sangat kecil bagi pendapatan suatu daerah, terutama di Amerika Serikat, Kanada, dan Australia. Selain itu, perkembangan ekonomi lokal di kawasan pertambangan ternyata juga bukan lantaran dampak dari sektor pertambangan itu sendiri (Power 2002). Negara/daerah yang mengeksploitasi sumberdaya alam secara besar tidak selalu memiliki pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi, bahkan beberapa variabel menunjukkan pertumbuhan ekonomi berjalan lebih lambat dibanding dengan negara/daerah yang tidak bergerak di sektor pertambangan (Sachs dan Warner 1997; 2001). Artinya, dari segi argumentasi pendapatan daerah maupun pertumbuhan ekonomi, klaim negara tentang manfaat adanya pertambangan semen di Rembang (dan daerah-daerah lain) tidak selalu relevan dan kurang meyakinkan.

Kehadiran pertambangan skala besar bahkan dituduh sebagai biang keladi konflik yang ada di masyarakat. Oleh karena itu, ketika muncul perusahaan tambang besar, kebanyakan akan diikuti dengan berbagai konflik, baik horizontal maupun vertikal. Kasus conflict diamonds di Angola, Sierra Leone, dan Kongo mengonfirmasi argumen tersebut. Di tiga negara ini, conflict diamondstelah menciptakan konflik sosial yang masif, bahkan tingkat kemiskinan yang ekstrem (Goreux 2001). Parahnya, pejabat-pejabat negara yang korup memelihara conflict diamondsitu untuk memperoleh keuntungan pribadi. Kasus serupa juga banyak terjadi di Indonesia.Konflik-konflik demikian selalu mengorbankan warga sekitar pertambangan dan menguntungkan elite-elite lokal setempat (Jatam 2005, 2006; Maimunah 2012).

Kehadiran pertambangan, khususnya di Indonesia, telah memberikan dampak buruk terhadap kerusakan lingkungan. Jutaan hektare hutan yang digunduli, gunung-gunung yang dikeruk, dan sungai-sungai yang tercemar, tidak lain adalah ulah perusahan-perusahaan pertambangan besar yang tidak bertanggung jawab (lihat Aditjondro 2003a, 2003b). Dari kerusakan itu, lagi-lagi masyarakat kecil yang menjadi korban (bahkan dikorbankan). Kemudian, dampak yang tidak kalah mengerikan dari keberadaan pertambangan adalah terjadinya bencana. Publik telah mengenal luas bagaimana kasus Lumpur Lapindo telah menghabisi kehidupan dan penghidupan warga Sidoarjo di puluhan desa hingga saat ini. Juga pencemaran Teluk Buyat oleh PT Newmont Minahasa Raya, yang menjadi bukti tentang begitu berbahayanya dampak pertambangan.Bencana yang diakibatkan oleh tangan manusia atau man-made disaster semacam inilah yang perlu diwaspadai (Batubara 2010). Kondisi ini nyata dan telah banyak terjadi di Indonesia.

Jika demikian adanya, pertambangan untuk kesejahteraan sebenarnya hanyalah mitos. Pemerintah saat ini, khususnya Ganjar selaku Gubernur Jateng, sedang mencekokkan mitos ini kepada publik Jateng, khususnya warga Rembang. Ganjar, meski “malu-malu”, mengakui pro-perusahaan semen, mencoba menutup mata terhadap suara-suara efek buruk dari pertambangan. Suara akan hilangnya mata air, hilangnya pekerjaan, kerusakan alam, dan sebagainya dianggap Ganjar sebagai suara minor yang tidak memiliki arti yang signifikan. Sebaliknya, kita bisa membaca Ganjar lebih percaya pada pertumbuhan ekonomi, terbukanya lapangan pekerjaan, dan kebangkitan ekonomi dengan adanya perusahaan besar yang mengolah Pegunungan Kendeng menjadi bahan baku semen.

Budi Sulistijo,[3] pakar geoteknik dan hidrogeologi dari Institut Teknologi Bandung, bahkan memperkaya mitos kesejahteraan dan pertambangan lewat artikelnya di sebuah koran lokal. Ia menulis, “Sebenarnya ada upaya lain yang juga cerdas, yakni mengubah budaya pertanian yang banyak ditinggalkan generasi muda, menjadi budaya industri yang mengandalkan keahlian.” Kalimat itu memperlihatkan bahwa usaha pertanian dianggap tidak menjanjikan kesejahteraan, dibuktikan dengan masih miskinnya warga Kecamatan Gunem di Rembang. Untuk itu, baginya, solusi mengentaskan kemiskinan adalah dengan menghadirkan industri, dalam hal ini pertambangan semen yang dilakukan oleh PT Semen Indonesia. Argumen ini jelas sangat berbahaya bagi kelangsungan hidup petani. Mengapa? Sebab, perubahan dari tradisi agraris menjadi industri diperhitungkan sesuka hati, bahkan cenderung dipaksakan. Bagaimana mungkin petani yang notabane berpendidikan formal terbatas bisa diserap oleh perusahaan padat modal? Umumnya yang terjadi, mereka hanya akan menjadi tenaga kasar yang penghasilannya bahkan lebih rendah bila dibandingkan dengan menjadi petani. Untuk itu, penulis menilai, argumen demikian selain berbahaya, juga bodoh. Saya anggap berbahaya karena jika dipaksakan akan menghabisi sektor agraris dan penghidupan ribuan petani disana. Saya anggap bodoh karena argumen demikian sungguh ahistoris, dimana perubahan sosial-kultural tidak memperhitungkan aspek-aspek sosiologis yang ada di masyarakat.

Masyarakat agraris memiliki kekhasan dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat. Mereka menghidupi keluarga dengan cara bercocok tanam. Hasilnya bisa digunakan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan sendiri dan dijual untuk menambah penghasilan. Tidak aneh pula ketika banyak orang saling memberikan (bertukar) hasil tanam kepada tetangga, sebab demikianlah kearifan tradisi agraris dibangun. Disini, yang hendak saya katakan adalah membaca kesejahteraan masyarakat tidak bisa dilepaskan dari konteks sosiologis masyarakat yang bersangkutan. Shiva (1997) pernah mengingatkan, kemiskinan tidak bisa dilihat hanya dari rumah yang berlantai tanah dan fondasi dari kayu karena sesungguhnya mereka bisa memenuhi kesejahteraan sesuai apa yang menjadi kebutuhan mereka.

Dengan memaksakan adanya industri pertambangan di tengah-tengah kehidupan masyarakat agraris, hal ini bisa dibaca sebagai upaya penghancuran tradisi agraris berikut dengan orang-orang yang ada didalamnya. Inilah yang menjadi alasan mengapa para petani menolak perusahaan tambang.Sebab, ancamannyamemang begitu serius, yakni menyangkut kesejahteraan mereka?perihal yang dijanjikan negara sendiri. Jadi, apalagi namanya jika bukan “tambang untuk kesejahteraan”adalah mitos? Sesuatu yang jelas bertentangan dengan realitas kehidupan masyarakat agraris, khususnya di Rembang.[]

 

[1]Ketika menjabat sebagai Gubernur Jawa Tengah, Bibit Waluyo pernah memberikan izin eksploitasi kepada PT Semen Gresik (sekarang PT Semen Indonesia) di Kecamatan Sukolilo, Kabupaten Pati. Namun, pada pertengahan 2009, gugatan warga ke pengadilan ternyata menang sehingga PT Semen Gresik akhirnya dipaksa membatalkan investasinya di Pati. Uniknya, pada 2012, izin serupa kembali diberikan kepada PT Semen Indonesia untuk beroperasi di Rembang.

[2]Ganjar, panggilan akrab dari Ganjar Pranowo, menjadi Gubernur Jateng sejak Agustus 2013. Ganjar diusung oleh Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan (PDIP). Saat kampanye pemilihan gubernur, Ganjar selalu menggaungkan visi “JatengIjo Royo-Royo”.

[3]Budi Sulistijo menulis opini di Suara Merdeka yang berjudul “Kawasan Kars dan Penambangan” (14 Juli 2014). Ia adalah pakar ITB yang menjadi tim peneliti untuk studi kelayakan operasional tambang semen di Rembang.

Daftar Pustaka

___2003b. Korban-Korban Pembangunan: Tilikan terhadap Beberapa Kasus Perusakan Lingkungan di Tanah Air. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

___. 2001. “The Curse of Natural Resources”.European Economic Review 45: 827–838.

Aditjondro, G.J. 2003a. Kebohongan-Kebohongan Negara: Perihal Kondisi Obyektif Lingkungan Hidup di Nusantara. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Batubara, B. 2010. “Defisit Pengetahuan Global Menghadapi Man-Made Disaster dan Implikasinya bagi Warga di Negara Berkembang.” Dalam Bencana Industri: Relasi Negara, Perusahaan, dan Masyarakat Sipil, disunting oleh H. Prasetya dan B. Batubara. Depok: Desantara Foundation.

Davis, G.A. dan J.E. Tilton. 2002. “Should Developing Countries Renounce Mining? A Perspective on The Debate”. Versi 12 Desember. Diunduh pada 20 Juni 2014.http://inside.mines.edu/~gdavis/Papers/Davis_and_Tilton_2002.pdf

Goreux, L. 2001. “Conflict Diamonds”.Africa Region Working Paper Series No. 13. Washington, D.C.:The World Bank Group.

Jeannet, J.-P.danB. Liander. 1978. “Some Patterns in the Transfer of Technology within Multinational Corporations”.Journal of International Business Studies 9 (3): 108–118.doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8490672.

Muhammad, Chalid, Siti Maimunah, dan Aminuddin Kirom (penyunting). 2005. Tambang dan Kemiskinan: Catatan Kecil Kasus Pertambangan di Indonesia, 2001-2003. Jakarta: Jaringan Advokasi Tambang.

Maimunah, Siti. 2012. Negara Tambang dan Masyarakat Adat: Perspektif HAM dalam Pengelolaan Pertambangan yang Berbasis Lingkungan dan Kearifan Lokal. Malang: Intrans.

Muhammad, Chalid dan Siti Maimunah (penyunting). 2006. Tambang dan Penghancuran Lingkungan: Kasus-Kasus Pertambangan di Indonesia 2003-2004. Jakarta: Jaringan Advokasi Tambang.

Power, T.M. 2002. “Digging to Development? A Historical Look at Mining and Economic Development”. Laporan. Oxfam America.

Sachs, I. 1970. “Transfer of Technology and Strategy of Industrialisation”.Economic and Political Weekly 5 (29–31):1267+1269–1270.

Sachs, J.D.dan A.M. Warner. 1995. “Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth”.NBER Working Paper 5398. Massachusetts: National Bureau of Economic Research

Shiva, V. 1997. Bebas dari Pembangunan: Perempuan, Ekologi dan Perjuangan Hidup di India. Diterjemahkan oleh Hira Jhamtani. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Teece, D.J. 1977. “Technology Transfer by Multinational Firm: The Resource Cost of Transferring Technological Know-How”.TheEconomic Journal87 (346): 242–261.

Wall, E.danR. Pelon. 2011. “Sharing Mining Benefits in Developing Countries: The Experience with Foundations, Trusts, and Funds”.Extractive Industries for Development Series No. 21. The World Bank.

Wright, G. 1999. “Can a Nation Learn? American Technology as a Network Phenomenon”. Dalam Learning by Doing in Markets, Firms, and Countries, disunting oleh N. R. Lamoreaux, D.M.G. Raff, dan P. Temin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

*Mahasiswa Pascasarjana Ilmu Politik Universitas Gadjah Mada

 

 

113 Comments

  1. Thanks for every other fantastic post. Where else could anybody get that kind of info in such a perfect approach of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I’m at the search for such information.

  2. Hello, you used to write wonderful, but the last few posts have been kinda boring¡K I miss your great writings. Past few posts are just a little bit out of track! come on!

  3. I was recommended this website by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem. You’re incredible! Thanks!

  4. Fantastic goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you’re just extremely fantastic. I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it sensible. I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is actually a wonderful website.

  5. I cling on to listening to the news bulletin lecture about receiving boundless online grant applications so I have been looking around for the top site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i find some?

  6. I am constantly searching online for posts that can help me. Thx!

  7. Kichen Decor says:

    Thanks for another informative website. Where else may just I get that type of information written in such an ideal approach? I’ve a mission that I’m just now working on, and I’ve been at the look out for such information.

  8. dry wizard says:

    We have a very close relationship with all our clients and we set very clear objectives toward reaching their goal and providing the top leading services only in comparison to much larger higher priced boutiques at affordable rates.

  9. I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem. You’re amazing! Thanks!

  10. I was suggested this website by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my difficulty. You are amazing! Thanks!

  11. Wow! This can be one particular of the most useful blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Great. I am also an expert in this topic therefore I can understand your effort.

  12. I think this is one of the most important information for me. And i am glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few general things, The site style is great, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers

  13. I genuinely enjoy your internet site, but I’m having a dilemma: any time I load one of your post in Firefox, the center with the web page is screwed up – which is bizarre. Might I send you a screenshot? In any event, maintain up the superior function; I surely like reading you.

  14. As I web-site possessor I believe the content matter here is rattling excellent , appreciate it for your hard work. You should keep it up forever! Good Luck.

  15. Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all of us you actually recognise what you are speaking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also consult with my web site =). We will have a hyperlink trade arrangement between us!

  16. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  17. Car Repairs says:

    I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I do not know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already ;) Cheers!

  18. Never laugh at anyone’s dream. People who don’t have dreams don’t have much.

  19. You will find surely plenty of details like that to take into consideration. That is a great point to bring up. I offer the thoughts above as general inspiration but clearly you’ll find questions like the 1 you bring up exactly where the most critical thing will likely be working in honest very good faith. I don?t know if greatest practices have emerged around points like that, but I am confident that your job is clearly identified as a fair game. Both boys and girls feel the impact of just a moment’s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

  20. Hi there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to take a look.

  21. I think other web-site proprietors should take this web site as an model, very clean and wonderful user friendly style and design, let alone the content. You’re an expert in this topic!

  22. Oh my goodness! an incredible article dude. Thanks a ton Nonetheless I will probably be experiencing issue with ur rss . Do not know why Not able to join it. Can there be everyone acquiring identical rss concern? Anybody who knows kindly respond. Thnkx

  23. I was just searching for this information for some time. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your site. I wonder what is the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative sites in top of the list. Usually the top web sites are full of garbage.

  24. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I’m very glad to see such wonderful info being shared freely out there.

  25. You made several nice points there. I did a search on the subject and found the majority of people will consent with your blog.

  26. sekis izle says:

    222836 776284I saw two other comparable posts although yours was the most beneficial so a good deal 490812

  27. Personally we believe in building long-term relationships and making certain that our clients succeed in all their goals because their success is our success. What do you think about that?

  28. You produced some decent points there. I looked on the net towards the concern and identified a lot of people go together with together along with your internet web site.

  29. Usually I do not learn post on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to check out and do so! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, quite nice post.

  30. Our proficient team comprising of highly skilled web designers aim to deliver performance oriented services. They strive to build and develop brilliant websites that helps customers to build their brand online in the most effective and efficient way.

  31. Great weblog here! Additionally your site lots up very fast! What host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your affiliate link on your host? I desire my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  32. Sharia Law says:

    Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your web site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this website. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched everywhere and just could not come across. What a great web-site.

  33. Nice weblog right here! Additionally your website rather a lot up very fast! What host are you using? Can I am getting your associate link on your host? I wish my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  34. Don’t waste energy on topics that don’t arouse your senses; this just slows you down and creates problems with your long term strategy.

  35. shellac says:

    An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I’m sure which you just write regarding this topic, may possibly possibly not be considered a taboo subject but typically persons are too little to communicate on such topics. To yet another. Cheers

  36. I have recently started a site, the information you provide on this web site has helped me tremendously. Thanks for all of your time & work.

  37. You could certainly see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. Always follow your heart.

  38. Useful info. Lucky me I discovered your site unintentionally, and I’m shocked why this twist of fate didn’t took place in advance! I bookmarked it.

  39. What i do not understood is in reality how you are now not actually much more well-liked than you might be right now. You are very intelligent. You realize therefore significantly when it comes to this matter, produced me for my part imagine it from so many numerous angles. Its like men and women aren’t interested except it¡¦s something to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs excellent. At all times deal with it up!

  40. I¡¦ll immediately grasp your rss as I can’t find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly allow me realize so that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  41. Keep functioning ,remarkable job!

  42. linkj says:

    below you will locate the link to some sites that we feel you need to visit

  43. Organic Food says:

    Thanks for another informative web site. Where else may I get that kind of info written in such a perfect approach? I’ve a project that I’m simply now running on, and I’ve been on the look out for such information.

  44. seks izle says:

    342365 52683You produced some decent points there. I looked on the web for that issue and discovered most people is going together with with the internet website. 357128

  45. My spouse and i felt absolutely excited when Louis managed to complete his preliminary research via the ideas he discovered out of your web pages. It’s not at all simplistic just to choose to be giving for free helpful tips which usually many people may have been making money from. Therefore we understand we now have the blog owner to appreciate for this. The specific illustrations you made, the simple site menu, the friendships your site help promote – it’s many powerful, and it’s really making our son and the family understand the topic is fun, and that’s extraordinarily vital. Many thanks for everything!

  46. Here are my personal strategies for everything. First eat once a day, or work towards one high nutritious diet and meal plan. Meditate daily, this will help preserve the telemores.

  47. Healthy Diet says:

    Thank you for another excellent article. The place else may anybody get that kind of information in such a perfect manner of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I’m at the look for such information.

  48. I am no longer sure where you are getting your info, however good topic. I must spend some time finding out more or understanding more. Thank you for magnificent information I used to be in search of this info for my mission.

  49. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I want to read even more things about it!

  50. I simply want to say I’m very new to blogging and seriously savored your website. Most likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You amazingly come with awesome articles and reviews. Bless you for revealing your blog site.

  51. I carry on listening to the rumor speak about receiving free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the most excellent site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i find some?

  52. Payday Loans says:

    Wow, amazing weblog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The full look of your web site is excellent, as neatly as the content material!

  53. Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed! Extremely helpful info specially the last part :) I care for such info much. I was seeking this particular information for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.

  54. Hello. splendid job. I did not expect this. This is a impressive story. Thanks!

  55. As a Newbie, I am permanently browsing online for articles that can be of assistance to me. Thank you

  56. I am so happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  57. Wood Panel says:

    Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s truly informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  58. good page says:

    I just want to say I am just beginner to blogs and absolutely liked you’re blog site. Almost certainly I’m planning to bookmark your website . You really come with wonderful article content. With thanks for sharing with us your website.

  59. Thanks for any other great article. Where else may just anybody get that kind of info in such an ideal manner of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I’m on the look for such info.

  60. Remodeling says:

    Wonderful work! That is the type of information that should be shared across the web. Shame on the seek engines for not positioning this publish upper! Come on over and consult with my site . Thanks =)

  61. Wow! Thank you! I continually wanted to write on my blog something like that. Can I include a portion of your post to my website?

  62. Definitely, what a splendid site and enlightening posts, I surely will bookmark your website.All the Best!

  63. I¡¦m no longer positive where you’re getting your info, however great topic. I needs to spend some time studying much more or working out more. Thanks for wonderful information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  64. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  65. Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you ever been running a blog for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is wonderful, let alone the content material!

  66. Hello. remarkable job. I did not anticipate this. This is a splendid story. Thanks!

  67. I just want to mention I am just all new to blogging and site-building and honestly loved you’re blog. More than likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You really have wonderful well written articles. Cheers for sharing with us your web site.

  68. Valuable info. Fortunate me I discovered your site accidentally, and I am stunned why this accident did not took place earlier! I bookmarked it.

  69. Car Shopping says:

    I intended to post you one tiny remark in order to thank you so much yet again for the unique secrets you’ve documented here. It was quite particularly open-handed of people like you in giving openly precisely what many individuals could have distributed for an e book in making some dough for themselves, mostly considering that you might have tried it in the event you considered necessary. These suggestions as well worked to provide a good way to realize that the rest have a similar dreams much like mine to know a whole lot more regarding this problem. I am sure there are many more fun situations ahead for individuals that scan through your website.

  70. As soon as I noticed this internet site I went on reddit to share some of the love with them.

  71. I would like to express some appreciation to this writer for bailing me out of this particular condition. Because of researching through the the net and seeing principles which were not powerful, I believed my entire life was over. Being alive minus the solutions to the difficulties you’ve sorted out all through your main guideline is a serious case, and the ones which may have in a negative way affected my career if I had not noticed your web page. That understanding and kindness in controlling all the things was priceless. I don’t know what I would have done if I had not encountered such a thing like this. I am able to at this moment look forward to my future. Thanks for your time very much for your professional and result oriented guide. I won’t hesitate to suggest your site to any individual who would need recommendations about this issue.

  72. Excellent blog here! Also your site loads up fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  73. Somebody necessarily help to make severely articles I’d state. This is the first time I frequented your web page and thus far? I amazed with the analysis you made to create this particular post amazing. Fantastic job!

  74. It¡¦s really a great and useful piece of info. I am glad that you simply shared this useful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  75. great page says:

    I just want to tell you that I am just beginner to blogs and actually savored you’re web blog. Very likely I’m want to bookmark your blog . You actually come with tremendous posts. Thanks a lot for sharing with us your blog site.

  76. good page says:

    I just want to mention I am all new to blogging and certainly enjoyed your web blog. Probably I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You surely come with amazing articles and reviews. Thank you for sharing with us your web site.

  77. I simply want to say I am just beginner to blogging and site-building and absolutely enjoyed your web blog. Almost certainly I’m likely to bookmark your website . You amazingly have beneficial article content. Thanks a bunch for sharing with us your blog.

  78. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your site provided us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done an impressive job and our entire community will be thankful to you.

  79. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

  80. Keep working ,terrific job!

  81. I have recently started a website, the information you offer on this site has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work.

  82. I and also my pals came following the best key points located on your web site while the sudden I had a horrible suspicion I never thanked the web site owner for those techniques. All of the guys came consequently excited to study all of them and have certainly been tapping into those things. Appreciation for simply being quite helpful and then for selecting this sort of smart areas millions of individuals are really wanting to be informed on. My personal sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.

  83. I just wanted to jot down a quick comment so as to express gratitude to you for all the nice techniques you are sharing at this website. My extensive internet search has now been compensated with reliable points to go over with my family. I would believe that most of us readers are unquestionably lucky to live in a perfect site with very many perfect people with beneficial concepts. I feel really privileged to have discovered your entire webpages and look forward to some more enjoyable times reading here. Thanks again for everything.

  84. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site so i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things to enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  85. My wife and i got very fortunate when Louis managed to round up his analysis from the ideas he acquired when using the weblog. It is now and again perplexing just to choose to be making a gift of hints that some other people have been trying to sell. So we acknowledge we have you to thank for that. The type of illustrations you have made, the easy site menu, the relationships you will make it easier to instill – it’s got most remarkable, and it is letting our son in addition to us believe that this subject matter is interesting, which is extremely important. Thanks for all the pieces!

  86. I and also my friends ended up checking out the nice solutions on your web site and so quickly came up with an awful suspicion I never thanked the web blog owner for them. All the young men are actually as a consequence happy to study them and now have truly been using them. Thanks for getting really kind as well as for opting for certain nice information most people are really eager to understand about. Our own honest apologies for not expressing appreciation to earlier.

  87. read review says:

    I just want to say I am all new to blogging and truly loved your blog. Most likely I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You certainly have really good stories. Regards for revealing your web-site.

  88. Excellent weblog here! Additionally your site rather a lot up very fast! What web host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your affiliate link on your host? I desire my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  89. Good blog! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I could be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your feed which must do the trick! Have a great day!

  90. Carpet Tiles says:

    Awsome blog! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am taking your feeds also

  91. You could definitely see your expertise within the paintings you write. The arena hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. At all times go after your heart.

  92. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to be on the internet the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  93. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! However, how could we communicate?

  94. Thank you for another informative web site. The place else could I get that kind of info written in such an ideal method? I have a challenge that I am just now running on, and I have been at the look out for such info.

  95. I simply want to mention I’m all new to blogging and certainly savored this web blog. More than likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog post . You really have impressive article content. Appreciate it for sharing with us your website.

  96. I just want to say I’m all new to blogging and site-building and definitely loved this page. Very likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog post . You surely have very good articles and reviews. Bless you for sharing with us your website.

  97. Technology says:

    I truly appreciate this post. I have been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You’ve made my day! Thx again

  98. Consulting says:

    Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll appreciate if you continue this in future. A lot of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  99. this website says:

    I just want to say I am new to weblog and truly loved your website. Most likely I’m want to bookmark your blog . You absolutely have wonderful stories. Many thanks for sharing your blog.

  100. Carpet Tiles says:

    excellent put up, very informative. I ponder why the other experts of this sector do not understand this. You should continue your writing. I am confident, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  101. I cling on to listening to the news broadcast lecture about receiving free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the best site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i acquire some?

  102. Thanks for another magnificent article. The place else may anyone get that type of information in such an ideal means of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m on the search for such information.

  103. Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too great. I actually like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it wise. I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is actually a tremendous web site.

  104. full content says:

    I simply want to tell you that I am just beginner to blogging and site-building and definitely enjoyed this blog. Probably I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You amazingly have really good posts. Many thanks for revealing your blog site.

  105. I simply want to tell you that I’m beginner to weblog and really savored this blog. More than likely I’m planning to bookmark your site . You amazingly have tremendous writings. With thanks for revealing your web page.

  106. I simply want to tell you that I am all new to weblog and seriously enjoyed this web-site. Likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You certainly come with incredible writings. Thank you for sharing your blog site.

  107. I just want to tell you that I am just new to blogs and actually enjoyed your web page. Almost certainly I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You actually have tremendous article content. Thank you for sharing your website.

  108. great post says:

    I just want to mention I am very new to blogging and site-building and absolutely enjoyed your blog site. Likely I’m likely to bookmark your blog post . You absolutely have excellent well written articles. Thanks a bunch for sharing your blog.

  109. I simply want to say I am all new to blogs and definitely liked this web-site. Very likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You certainly come with remarkable articles. Thank you for sharing with us your web-site.

  110. seks izle says:

    27081 655291You need to be really astute at research and writing. This shows up inside your original and special content material. I agree together with your primary points on this subject. This content material need to be seen by a lot more readers. 330392

  111. seks izle says:

    395766 520189I see something actually unique in this internet web site . 590168

  112. seks izle says:

    754350 938643I like this weblog so much, saved to my bookmarks . 115359

  113. seks izle says:

    245550 953028A quite exciting go by way of, I could not agree completely, but you do make some genuinely legitimate factors. 980406