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Mengusir Ogoh-Ogoh Loreng dari Urutsewu

Aksi teatrikal saat mengusir ogoh-ogoh dalam acara peringatan tragedi penembakan petani 16 April (foto oleh: Suyoto)

 

Aksi teatrikal saat mengusir ogoh-ogoh (foto oleh: Suyoto)

Aksi teatrikal saat mengusir ogoh-ogoh (foto oleh: Suyoto)

Diiringi shalawat, ratusan warga desa meramaikan kirab yang diselenggarakan dalam rangkaian acara merti Desa Wiromartan dan ruwatan Bumi Urutsewu. Tampak para bapak-bapak bergotong-royong memikul tumpeng jolenan hasil bumi, sementara ibu-ibu membawa jajan pasar yang ditata apik, anak-anak berpawai sepeda hias, dan diakhir rombongan tampak pemuda desa berduyun-duyun memanggul ogoh-ogoh raksasa berkulit loreng yang ditabuhi musik gamelan jawa.

Panas terik hari minggu (25/10) siang itu tak menyurutkan semangat masyarakat Desa Wiromartan menggelar kirab.Dalam rangka tradisi memperingati tahun baru Islam, syukuran hasil bumi sekaligus do’a bersama agar permasalahan tanah di Urutsewu segera selesai. Warga berjalan sejauh tiga kilometer dari lapangan Wiromartan menuju pesanggrahan elus, pendopo desa yang terletak 450 meter dari bibir pantai yang telah dipagar oleh TNI Angkatan Darat KODAM IV Diponegoro.

Sesampainya di Pesanggrahan Elus, seluruh warga berkumpul membentuk lingkaran besar, menaruh semua hasil bumi dan jajanan ditengah, tanda acara akan segera dimulai. Warsono, Sesepuh Urutsewu dari Puring hadir memberikan sambutan pada masyarakat. Kemudian dilanjutkan do’a yang dipimpin oleh Mbah Pujo sesepuh Wiromartan dan dilanjutkan olehKyai Imam Zuhdi, seorang ulama dariSetrojenar, Urutsewu. Belum selesai do’a dibacakan, masyarakat sudah tak sabar saling berebut hasil bumi. Acara yang digelar setiap tahun ini merupakan tanda syukur masyarakat Wiromartan kepada Allah SWT atas karunia-Nya, sehingga masyarakat dapat mengelola bumi sebagai sumber penghidupan. Disisi lain, Wiromartan adalah bagian dari Urutsewu, salah satu dari 15 desa di 3 Kecamatan di Kabupaten Kebumen yang selama 10 tahun ini sedang dilanda konflik lahan dan belum menemukan titik terang penyelesaian.

Menyikapi hal itu, masyarakat memandang persoalan Urutsewu perlu campur tangan Tuhan. Persoalan yang sederhana atas hak tanah warganegara menjadi sangat rumit ketika ditangan pemerintah. Sehingga masyarakat menganggap Tuhan perlu turun tangan untuk menyelesaikan persoalan ini. Oleh karenanya, masyarakat menyelenggarakan ruwatan sebagai bentuk permohonan masyarakat kepada Tuhan.

Kepala Desa Wiromartan, Widodo Sunu Nugroho atau yang akrab disapa Sunu, memberikan sambutan disela acara merti desa dan ruwatan bumi Urutsewu. Ia menyatakan tidak terima terhadap pihak yang melarang anak-anak main ke pantai dengan melempar isu akan di bom dan menyelenggarakan merti desa adalah melawan pemerintah.Sebelumnya, anak-anak sangat ketakutan untuk mengikuti kegiatan merti desa, karena kegiatan merti desa dianggap melawan pemerintah dan diancam akan dibom. Isu tersebut mereka dapatkan dari guru-guru di sekolah.

Sunu dalam sambutannya menegaskan kepada seluruh masyarakat, khususnya anak-anak desa Wiromartan bahwa kegiatan merti desa ini sudah ada sejak lama, dan kita hanya melanjutkan. Kegiatan memperingati tahun baru islam ini sama sekali bukan kegiatan yang melawan pemerintah dan bisa dibuktikan sendiri, bahwa tidak ada bom. Ia menyayangkan adanya pihak-pihak yang menebar kebencian kepada anak-anak, anak-anak harus dilindungi dari urusan-urusan yang belum saatnya mereka fikirkan.

Teatrikal Pembakaran Ogoh-ogoh

….muga-muga grandong-grandong, setan-setan yang selama ini mengganggu Urutsewu, ndang musno, muga-muga kula lan panjenengan terbebas dari semua gangguan, ora ngobong buto neng ngobong wong seng ganggu urutsewu”.

(Widodo Sunu Nugroho)

Usai do’a dibacakan, Kepala Desa Wiromartan, Sunu turun dari pesanggrahan dan berjalan menuju ogoh-ogoh raksasa dengan maksud untuk mengusirnya. Namun segerombolan pemuda berwajah loreng manghadang dan hendak menyerang. Gamelan mulai dibunyikan. Sunu kemudian memanggil bantuan. Sesepuh desa, sesepuh Urutsewu dan pemuda datang membawa obor. Sunu menggunakan dedauan sebagai cambuk dan bersama-sama para sesepuh dan pemuda, dia mengalahkan gerombolan pemuda loreng dan berhasil membakar ogoh-ogoh raksasa. Semua masyarakat bersorak gembira setelah ogoh-ogoh, simbol pengganggu masyarakat itu berhasil dimusnahkan. Itu adalah bagian dari aksi teatrikal dalam rangkaian acara merti desa dan ruwatan bumi urutsewu tersebut.

Bagi masyarakat Wiromartan, ogoh-ogoh adalah simbol angkara murka, simbol pengganggu penggangu masyarakat urutsewu yang harus dihancurkan. Untuk menghancurkannya, banyak rintangan yang menghadang, sehingga seluruh elemen masyarakat harus dilibatkan. Perwakilan-perwakilan tokoh Urutsewu dan tokoh pemuda yang ikut membakar ogoh-ogoh adalah simbol, bahwa seluruh masyarakat memang harus bersatu memusnahkan pihak-pihak yang mengganggu kehidupan masyarakat. Sedangkan peran kepala desa sebagai representasi pemerintah bertugas untuk membukakan jalan. Masyarakat di Urutsewu ini membutuhkan jalan penyelesaian, mestinya pemerintah membukakan untuk masyarakat menyelesaikan persoalan ini.

Tarian Sunu dalam aksi teatrikal tersebut mengartikan bahwa sebelum dilakukan pembakaran ada penari yang membuka jalan, penari tersebut selalu mendapatkan benturan dan pasti ada benturan, karena setiap pekerjaan memang mengandung resiko dan selalu ada resiko, dan pemerintah semestinya harus berani mengambil resiko. Terakhir Sunu berharap melalui kegiatan kesenian mampu menghibur dan memberikan kekuatan bagi masyarakat untuk terus berjuang ditengah konflik yang berkepanjangan.[]

 

Rifqi Khoirul Anam
Rifqi Khoirul Anam
Rifqi Khoirul Anam Mahasiswa Fakultas Pertanian UMY dan penulis blog Loper Aufklarung.

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