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Ganjar Pranowo. Sumber: tempo.co

GANJAR PRANOWO. FOTO: TEMPO.CO

Jarum jam sudah menunjukkan waktu 00.50 WIB saat deru motor terdengar. Seniman muncul dari ambang pintu. Berjaket hijau dan melilitkan saputangan oranye untuk melindungi hidung dari terpaan angin malam. Ia menyapa warga Mirit Petikusan yang pulang lebih dahulu dari Kota Kebumen. Suara Seniman terdengar serak dan berat. Sepanjang hari ia sibuk di luar. Desanya, Kaibon Petangkuran, akhirnya mulai dipagar kemarin pagi (9/9). Tidak ada bentrokan. Namun, warga tetap berduyun-duyun ke lokasi saat pengeras suara masjid mengumumkan bahwa ratusan tentara dan truk-truk berisi material sudah siap memagari lahan warga. Seniman pun ikut pergi ke lokasi.

Warga Kaibon Petangkuran duduk menghadap barat untuk berdoa bersama. Mujahadah dipimpin Kiai Khalamudin. Tentara berseragam dan bertameng mengawasi dari arah selatan lahan. Beberapa orang, termasuk Seniman, berorasi menyampaikan penolakan. Setelahnya, ia bergegas ke Kota Kebumen. Mendengar kabar malam hari nanti Ganjar Pranowo, Gubernur Jawa Tengah, berdiskusi santai dengan warga dan perangkat desa di Pendopo Kantor Pemkab Kebumen.

Acara bertajuk “Ngopi Bareng Mas Ganjar” tersebut diwarnai demonstrasi mahasiswa Kebumen. Mereka menuntut Ganjar menyelesaikan konflik tanah di Urutsewu. Suara teriakan mahasiswa terdengar hingga dalam pendopo. “Urutsewu itu masalah lama, tapi belum ada penyelesaian,” teriak Bayu, salah satu mahasiswa dalam orasinya di tengah kepungan aparat kepolisian yang berusaha membubarkan aksi.

***

Urutsewu adalah kasus lama. Akar sengketa tanah dengan TNI AD terjadi sejak 1982, saat dalih meminjam tanah untuk latihan militer berangsur-angsur menjelma menjadi klaim sepihak atas tanah warga. Pada 16 April 2011, penembakan petani di Urutsewu menjadi sorotan media nasional. SBY, saat itu masih menjabat sebagai presiden, angkat bicara. “Presiden menginstruksikan Panglima TNI langsung menginvestigasi internal,” kata juru bicara Presiden, Julian Aldrin Pasha. (Koran Tempo, 19 April 2011. Empat Warga Jadi Tersangka Bentrokan Kebumen. Namun tindak lanjut dari investigasi internal pun tak terdengar lagi. Urutsewu timbul tenggelam di antara luberan pemberitaan media atas beragam isu.

Ganjar Pranowo, yang saat itu masih menjabat sebagai Wakil Ketua Komisi II DPR RI, sempat meninjau ke lokasi penembakan. Ia mengumpulkan informasi Sebanyak mungkin dari berbagai pihak mengenai konflik di Urutsewu. Kemudian Ganjar menawarkan tiga solusi, yakni mempertahankan wilayah Urutsewu, sebagai latihan ujicoba senjata TNI AD, mempertahankan dengan kompromi serta memindah lokasi kegiatan militer ke tempat lain (Suara Merdeka, 23 April 2011). Dalam berita berjudul Tiga Solusi Ditawarkan Atasi Konflik Urutsewu, ia menyatakan akan mengangkat persoalan Urutsewu ke pusat. DPR RI akan mengagendakan sidang pada minggu kedua Mei 2011.

Sidang tidak pernah digelar. Namun warga tetap pergi ke Jakarta dan bertemu Fraksi PDIP di Senayan. Di sana Ganjar berargumen bahwa penyelesaian kasus Urutsewu berada di tingkat provinsi. “Kalau saya jadi gubernur, saya akan selesaikan,” ungkap Seniman menirukan janji Ganjar empat tahun yang lalu.

Pada Pemilihan Gubernur 2013, Warga Urutsewu bersepakat memilih Ganjar Pranowo karena bagi mereka saat itu hanya Ganjar, kandidat gubernur Jawa Tengah yang bisa berkoordinasi langsung dengan rakyat Urutsewu. Pasangan Ganjar Pranowo dan Heru Sudjatmoko menang di 15 Desa di Urutsewu. Memperoleh total suara 6.502. Lebih jauh, Urutsewu semakin terbukti sebagai basis massa PDIP ketika pada pemilihan presiden 2014, pasangan Joko Widodo-Jusuf Kalla memenangkan pemilihan dengan perolehan suara 14.607 melawan pasangan Prabowo Subianto-Hatta Rajasa yang hanya memperoleh suara sebanyak 6.438 (Batubara, 2015:41).

Bosman Batubara dalam pengantar panjangnya di buku Seni dan Sastra untuk Kedaulatan Petani Urutsewu menyatakan bahwa sikap Ganjar saat ini terhadap rakyat Urutsewu merupakan suatu “kecelakaan politik.” (‘—atau memang normalnya politik Indonesia sekarang begitu?’ celetuknya). Ketidakhadiran gubernur di Setrojenar saat arak-arakan budaya digelar untuk memperingati tragedi 16 april pada 2014, menurut seorang penulis, memperlihatkan watak pemimpin salon sang Gubernur yang lebih suka berbicara daripada mendengarkan rakyatnya dan hanya memerlukan pembangunan citra di media ketimbang secara substansif menyelesaikan persoalan (Dwicipta dalam Batubara, 2015:40).

Hingga dua tahun masa kepemimpinannya, Ganjar Pranowo tidak pernah sekali pun turun ke Urutsewu meski berkali-kali kabar mengenai aksi protes dan kerusuhan berhembus menggelitik tengkuknya. Ganjar lebih suka menitipkan pesan untuk warga Urutsewu melalui media. Ia mengadakan koordinasi di jajaran Jawa Tengah dan mengundang Badan Pertanahan Nasional (BPN) Kantor Wilayah (Kanwil) Jawa Tengah, Kepala Staf Kodam IV/Diponegoro, dan Bupati Kebumen tanpa melibatkan warga (Suara Merdeka, 2014).

Pasca bentrokan di Desa Wiromartan terkait penolakan pemagaran, Ganjar menginstruksikan Pemda Kebumen untuk membuat tim yang akan menilai arsip-arsip data yang dimiliki pihak TNI AD dan warga. Tenggat waktu yang diberikan 14 September 2015. Namun hingga kini warga tak tahu komposisi tim mediasi tersebut.

***

Akhirnya, warga berhasil bertemu Ganjar setelah acara ngopi bareng selesai. Mahasiswa yang berdemo di luar telah berhasil dipaksa mundur ke Alun-alun Kebumen. Seniman maju mengulurkan tangan.

Namamu?” tanya Ganjar.

Artis Urutsewu,” jawab Seniman. Ia tersenyum, “Masih ingat, Pak?”

Pembicaraan berlangsung sekitar setengah jam.

Tadi malam saya ingatkan Ganjar mengenai pertemuan kami dulu dengan Fraksi PDIP di Jakarta. ‘Panjengenan saat itu masih di bangku DPR RI, mengatakan bahwa persoalan ini memang urusan Komisi a DPR RI, tapi penyelesaiannya di Jateng 1,’” ungkap Seniman.

Kita udah komitmen sama Pangdam,” ujar Ganjar.

Lalu Letkol Putra Widyawinaya, Dandim Kebumen, menyela, “Ini sudah dirapatkan di Pusat tanggal 12 Agustus. Gubernur sudah sepakat, jika memang itu tanah rakyat maka pemagaran akan dihentikan, bahkan kalau perlu dirobohkan.”

Pernyataan tegas tersebut terbawa pulang oleh Seniman. Sepuluh desa telah dipagar, termasuk desanya. Pj Bupati Kebumen sempat mengatakan bahwa urusan sengketa tanah ini hanya dihitung terkait pada tujuh desa, sisanya dianggap setuju dengan pemagaran. Padahal sebenarnya mereka menolak namun diam karena takut lawannya pihak militer. Terdapat lima desa lagi yang belum dipagar.

Artinya…” ujar Seniman setelah merenung sejenak, “TNI sudah tidak ambil pusing ini aslinya tanah siapa. Pemagaran itu program yang sudah diteken di pusat. Seolah-olah pemagaran tidak perlu dihentikan karena kejar duit anggaran. Program ini hanya untuk menghabiskan uang.”

***

Urutsewu kehilangan pemimpin sejak lama. Kepercayaan rakyat terhadap pemerintah menyusut, nyaris lenyap. Mereka sudah berkali-kali protes dan audiensi tetapi seolah pemerintah tak punya empati, tak punya nyali. Sunu, kepala desa Wiromartan yang babak belur dalam bentrokan 22 Agustus 2015 mengungkapkan kekecewaan mendalam terhadap negara. “Iki negoro nggo opo? Dipilih nang TPS.. wes aku ora misuh!” (Ini negara buat apa? Dipilih di TPS.. sudah aku tidak mengumpat!), komentarnya di tengah diskusi MAP Corner UGM bertajuk Militer dan Konflik Agraria Urutsewusore itu (1/9).

Ia bercerita mengenai Bupati Kebumen, Buyar Winarso yang tidak berkutik. “Dia ga’ ngapa-ngapain, action real maksud saya. Dia hanya meyampaikan, ‘saya sudah kemana-mana Mas, ke Marzuki Ali—Ketua DPR kalau nggak salah waktu itu—udah ke Mabes, saya ke Mabes seperti orang hilang. Saya ga’ tahu akan selamat atau tidak. Karena masuk ke Mabes itu ada beberapa pintu dan takut bisa pulang apa nggak.’ Yah, kalau ketemu sama saya, bupati kaya’ curhat-curhatan saja.”

Terlebih, pasca Tragedi 16 April 2011, beberapa hari setelahnya, pendopo kantor bupati dijaga ketat oleh TNI AD. Sempat Ibu Buyar dibawa ke rumah sakit karena syok mendapati serdadu mondar-mandir di pelataran kantor putranya. Ia terkena stroke setelah itu.

***

Setahun lalu, September 2014, Warga Urutsewu memupuk asa atas terpilihnya Jokowi sebagai presiden. Mereka bersama dengan beberapa perwakilan dari warga yang tengah mengalami konflik agraria menemui Jokowi di Jakarta sebelum ia resmi dilantik menjadi RI 1.

Hamid, warga Urutsewu yang kebetulan ikut serta menuturkan kesannya setelah bertemu Jokowi, “Aku biasa aja. Nggak terlalu terkesan banget. Wong e yo biasa-biasa aja. Nggak tahu, waktu liat dia pertama kali, orang itu lelah sekali. Kayak macam kelelahan. Terlalu banyak ke sana sini.… Tetapi kalau diajak ketemu lagi mau nggak? Nggak.. nggak ada efeknya. Atau mungkin kasus ini terkubur terlalu dalam,” ungkapnya, sambil menarik napas panjang.

Konflik tanah berkepanjangan ini terus menuai korban. Rakyat Urutsewu berdukacita menyusul satu persatu desanya dipagar. Tidak ada yang bersukacita menyambut Masa Pilkada di akhir 2015. Dan anehnya, kandidat cabup yang berkunjung tak ada yang menyebut-nyebut misi mereka terhadap penyelesaian kasus di Urutsewu.

“Kami sudah cukup makan hati terhadap pemerintah. Mungkin tahun ini warga kompak untuk tidak menyoblos siapa pun di TPS,” ujar seorang perangkat desa di Urutsewu. []

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