Atas Nama Memori Kolektif
Jul 8, 2015
Laksmi Pamuntjak dan Mediokritas
Jul 8, 2015

Kenapa Panitia Nasional Frankurt Book Fair Senang Membantah Dirinya Sendiri

Oleh AS Laksana

Saya semula berpikir bahwa panitia nasional Frankfurt Book Fair 2015 akan mampu menjelaskan secara baik beberapa persoalan yang menjadi bahan perdebatan. Rupanya tidak. Alih-alih memberikan klarifikasi untuk menjernihkan masalah, panitia justru senang membantah dirinya sendiri.

Mengenai kriteria penulis yang diberangkatkan ke Frankfurt, misalnya, jawaban yang mereka berikan jelas bertabrakan dengan daftar yang sudah mereka buat. Ketua Komite Media dan Hubungan Luar Andy Budiman menyebutkan kepada wartawan bahwa penulis yang diberangkatkan adalah yang bukunya sudah diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Inggris, atau Jerman, atau Perancis, dll. Ia menyebut hal itu sebagai “salah satu” dan ia tidak menyebutkan secara lengkap apa saja kriterianya. Mungkin ia tidak ingat semua poin ketika wartawan menanyakannya dan hanya mengingat satu atau dua poin penting dari seluruh kriteria. Jadi, mari kita anggap kriteria “bukunya sudah diterjemahkan” sebagai poin sangat penting untuk memberangkatkan penulis.

Saya dan Linda Christanty pernah membuat dugaan tentang siapa saja yang pasti diberangkatkan oleh panitia dan kami menyebut nama-nama Raditya Dika, Azhari Aiyub, Butet Kartarejasa (Butet pernah membacakan utuh novel Ronggeng Dukuh Paruk dan pembacaannya itu diproduksi dalam bentuk audiobook), Marco Kusumawijaya, Helvi Tiana Rosa, dll.

Raditya Dika, penulis paling fenomenal bagi pembaca remaja dan setiap bukunya selalu best-seller, tidak diberangkatkan ke Frankfurt dengan alasan tidak ada bukunya yang diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Inggris atau bahasa asing lainnya. Itu alasan Goenawan Mohamad yang disampaikan kepada Hamid Basyaib. Goenawan pernah menjelaskan panjang lebar soal Frankfurt Book Fair kepada Hamid Basyaib dan saya pikir itu klarifikasi yang tidak punya relevansi, kecuali Goenawan Mohamad menyasar sesuatu yang lain. Goenawan tahu betul Hamid dan saya berteman dekat dan kami sering membicarakan berbagai hal. Pasti ia berharap Hamid akan meneruskan klarifikasinya kepada saya. Dan memang Hamid sendiri berjanji kepada GM akan menyampaikan penjelasan-penjelasan yang ia dengar itu kepada saya dan Linda Christanty.

Hamid menelepon saya segera setelah ia selesai mendengar penjelasan GM dan meneruskan secara rinci penjelasan tersebut. Ia bilang bahwa ia lebih banyak mendengarkan saja penjelasan GM, meskipun ia memiliki pendapat-pendapat sendiri tentang Frankfurt Book Fair. Penjelasan GM yang malam itu diteruskan oleh Hamid kepada saya kurang lebih sama dengan apa yang satu atau dua hari kemudian disampaikan sendiri oleh GM dan Andy Budiman kepada wartawan. Saya bilang kepada Hamid, “Baiklah, mari kita terima penjelasan GM tentang kriteria itu, Kisanak. Dan kita akan melihat bahwa kriteria yang disampaikannya itu bertabrakan sendiri dengan daftar penulis yang sudah mereka bikin.”

Saya katakan kepadanya bahwa saya ada dalam daftar penulis yang diberangkatkan meskipun tidak ada satu pun buku saya yang sudah diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa lain. Beberapa cerpen saya memang ada yang diterjemahkan ke bahasa Inggris dan bahasa Thailand, tetapi buku saya tidak. Beberapa penulis lain di dalam daftar itu seperti saya juga: tidak memiliki buku yang sudah diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa lain. Kenapa kami tetap diberangkatkan?

Jika kriteria itu berlaku, mestinya nama Oka Rusmini layak ada dalam daftar. Bukunya “Tarian Bumi” sudah diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Inggris dan Jerman, jauh sebelum kita membicarakan Frankfurt Book Fair tahun ini. Namun, di dalam daftar penulis yang diberangkatkan ke Frankfurt, yang dikeluarkan oleh panitia pada konferensi pers di Jerman beberapa hari lalu, nama Oka Rusmini tidak ada. Saya melihat foto daftar penulis itu dalam berita CNN Indonesia, berjudul “Daftar Penulis Frankfurt Book Fair Sudah Beredar di Jerman”.

Ada dua kemungkinan untuk kasus Oka Rusmini. Pertama, mungkin nama Oka Rusmini ketlingsut entah di mana dan panitia lupa. Kedua, mungkin kualitas karya Oka tidak memenuhi standar yang ditetapkan oleh panitia nasional FBF 2015. Namun, saya tidak yakin terhadap kemungkinan kedua. Memang saya tidak membaca semua karya penulis yang ada dalam daftar, tetapi beberapa dari mereka saya pernah baca. Ada satu dari penulis-penulis itu yang tidak bisa membedakan arti kata “seraya” dari “segera”. Tepatnya, ia banyak sekali menggunakan “seraya” untuk “segera” dan ia berangkat ke Frankfurt. Dan Oka Rusmini tidak berangkat.

Dari Hamid Basyaib saya mendapatkan penjelasan lain bahwa daftar nama penulis yang dimuat CNN Indonesia itu, menurut GM, belum final. Kemudian Andy Budiman membenarkannya dan menyampaikan hal yang sama kepada wartawan. Itu sungguh penjelasan yang ganjil. Daftar yang dikeluarkan di Jerman itu ditulis di atas kertas berkop resmi Indonesia sebagai Tamu Kehormatan. Mungkin panitia berpikir bisa menuliskan sembarang orang terlebih dulu dan nantinya dibereskan. Toh, orang Jerman tidak kenal satu demi satu penulis Indonesia. Kalau demikian, itu akal-akalan yang mengecewakan.

Satu hal lain yang dijelaskan kepada Hamid oleh GM adalah soal Azhari Aiyub. “Kata GM, Azhari Aiyub berangkat juga kok, Ki,” kata Hamid.

Seperti halnya Oka Rusmini, nama Azhari Aiyub, kita tahu, tidak ada dalam daftar itu. Saya bilang kepada Hamid, “Ya, Azhari berangkat, tetapi atas undangan dan biaya Universitas Goethe di Frankfurt, bukan diberangkatkan oleh panitia nasional FBF 2015.”

Linda Christanty, dan tentu juga Azhari sendiri, memiliki cerita rinci tentang hal ini. Dua atau tiga bulan lalu Universitas Goethe pernah mengajukan permohonan kepada panitia nasional FBF 2015 untuk menyertakan Azhari, tetapi panitia—melalui John McGlynn dan Goenawan Mohamad—menolak permohonan itu dan menyatakan sudah terlambat. Daftar sudah disusun dan sudah final.

Sekarang, ketika beberapa hal tentang Frankfurt Book Fair dipertanyakan, kita mendengar panitia lagi-lagi membantah dirinya sendiri dan mengatakan bahwa daftar penulis itu belum final. Saya tahu bahwa panitia memang perlu menjawab setiap pertanyaan demi kejernihan, tetapi menyangkal diri sendiri adalah hal yang menyedihkan.[]

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